A space, competently divided into functional zones, is more comfortable than a single one, and successful options for turning a kopeck piece into a three-ruble note are another confirmation of this. How to differentiate an apartment in a new way in order to make it more convenient and not get into trouble with the regulatory authorities – this is the article about that.
You will learn:
what methods of redeveloping a kopeck piece in a three-ruble note are legal and which are prohibited; practical separation options without major repairs; what furniture will allow you to rationally use every centimeter of the reconstructed apartment; non-standard methods of arranging sleeping places that are suitable even for a small bedroom.
EXAMPLES OF RE-PLANNING FROM TWO TO THREESHKA
Increasing the number of rooms without considering their future functional purpose is the wrong strategy. Clearly define the purpose of the redevelopment: for example, to equip a nursery for a second child or a living room for friendly get-togethers. Whether the room can be a walk-through, is the presence of windows necessary – we take into account the answers to these questions when choosing the best example of redevelopment.
TWO OF ONE
An obvious and universal way will be to divide the room of the maximum area by a capital wall into two parts. Each of them, according to the standards, should not be less than 10 square meters, and for a nursery – 12 square meters. m. An ideal base for separation will be a spacious room with two windows, where you can actually make two separate entrances.
If long-term repair work on reworking the kopeck piece into a three-ruble note is not planned, then divide the space using zoning methods:
plasterboard partition 1.3-1.5 m high; sliding door with glass fronts; massive shelving; wardrobe; glass block wall: rack partition.
What options will be successful? A large room is divided into two by means of zoning: a living room and a single bedroom-nursery. If the child is an adult, then he is allocated a separate bedroom, if not, the parents are located in it. The bed is placed in the part that is closer to the window.
A practical example would be turning a kitchen into a living room kitchen. For example, a sofa with a high back or a TV rack divides a room into cooking and leisure areas. The remaining area of the kopeck piece is set aside for two bedrooms.
BATH AND BATHROOM COMBINATION
It makes sense to make a combined bathroom from a separate one to get rid of one door and increase the free area of the corridor. This will move the wall to the next room.
JOINING A CORRIDOR TO A ROOM
The demolition of the wall between the corridor and the living room will increase its area. The next step, in order to get a three-ruble note from the kopeck piece, is the division of the formed zone.
COMBINING A KITCHEN WITH AN ADJACENT ROOM
If the apartment is not supplied with gas, it is allowed to combine the kitchen with living rooms. In other cases, a door is required between them. The renovated space is divided according to the planned plan, but only zoning is allowed. It is forbidden to expand the living space at the expense of the kitchen.
SECOND FLOOR BEDROOM
If the ceiling height of the kopeck piece is more than 3 m, then equip the bedroom on the constructed second tier. The freed first tier is entirely set aside for the living room, office or other area.
An example of converting a kopeck piece into a three-ruble note with the transfer of the kitchen is possible with serious reservations. Conditions: the presence of a non-residential area on the original plan of the apartment (living room, hall, storage room) next to sewers and water drains, with direct access to sunlight. In other cases, the redevelopment cannot be legalized. If the kitchen has been moved, then in its place they will equip another zone, which officially cannot be called residential.
LOGGIA – INTO BUSINESS
The loggia, in contrast to the balcony, is easier to attach to the kopeck piece to make a three-ruble note out of it. It will be possible to legitimize the redevelopment if you do not take out the centralized heating radiators to the loggia and do not affect the supporting structures. If global work is not included in the plans, then with a sufficient area, the loggia is insulated and an additional room is equipped on it. Limited space? Then a working or living area is made on the loggia.
Another example that allows you to make a three-ruble note out of a kopeck piece is to move the living room into the hallway, the area of which sometimes reaches 6-7 sq.m. In post-Soviet countries, the presence of a hallway as a zone between the street and the living space is common, but in the Western tradition this part of the room is absent.
PROHIBITED REGULATIONS BY LAW
What threatens a violation of the law with examples when converting from a kopeck piece to a three-ruble note? An apartment modernized in violation of building codes is more difficult to sell, donate or bequeath. Disregard for the requirements of the law threatens to violate the integrity of the building.
It is prohibited:
carry out serious manipulations with load-bearing walls, including between the room and the balcony; carry out construction work that complicates access to communications; combine a bathroom with living rooms or transfer it to the kitchen; change the location of centralized heating radiators, take them out to a loggia or balcony; combine living space with a gasified kitchen without installing a closing partition.
The main problem when converting a kopeck piece into a three-ruble note is to reduce the size of existing rooms, which is taken into account when arranging furniture. A reasonable solution would be to use multifunctional models and transforming structures: a sofa bed, a table-book, a bed-wardrobe, a pouf-storage system. Furniture that slides into a niche or podium for the daytime will be comfortable. Built-in models will also help save space.
What techniques for arranging furniture will be relevant when redeveloping a two-room apartment into a three-room apartment?
Freeing living rooms from massive wardrobes by transferring them to the hallway, corridor or loggia will make the apartment more spacious.
Evaluate the frequency of use of each piece of furniture and, based on this, the need to purchase it in the full version. For example, if friendly feasts are not part of the circle of habits, like eating at a roomy table, then pay attention to folding, lightweight or transformer models. The situation is similar with chairs.
Furniture as a means of zoning space, replacing walls and partitions is an excellent solution for a former two-room apartment. The role of such furniture is a rack, a chest of drawers, a high sofa, a bar counter.
When arranging furniture, try to fill in “dead zones” – places that are not used. So, storage systems are installed around the perimeter of doors, windows, in the corners.
For apartments with small rooms, an asymmetrical way of arranging furniture is suitable, which does not provide for strict rules and restrictions. Items are arranged based on the characteristics of the living space, the personal preferences of its inhabitants. Asymmetrical furniture arrangement is optimal for narrow, rectangular or polygonal rooms.
Symmetrical and circular methods are suitable for square rooms where it will be possible to install furniture at the same distance from the selected center point:
On the sides of it or along the circumference. These interiors look neater but require careful planning.
What do modern designers advise to consider when arranging furniture in different rooms?
The living room is a space not only for receiving guests, but also for hobbies and family leisure. Shelves with books, disks, a zone with musical instruments will be appropriate. It is better to refuse bulky and high furniture in the living room: this is a room for open communication and pleasant time, and not storage of things.
In the bedroom, in addition to the bed and bedside tables, a trellis and a chest of drawers will come in handy. Install one or two bedside tables – it depends on the size of the room. The bedside table, if necessary, is replaced with a chest of drawers. If the bedroom serves as a living individual room, then an extended list of furniture will be needed. In addition to the bed, it includes a table, wardrobe, chair, armchair, shelving.
The nursery combines areas of learning, games, sleep. The situation becomes more complicated if the room is intended for two or three children. A bunk bed, boxes and racks for toys and personal belongings, a spacious wardrobe, a table and chairs will come in handy. Do not neglect the play area, because games are the key to the full development of the child.
An office is not only a work area, but also a mini-workshop if the inhabitants of the apartment are fond of handicrafts or art. It is not necessary to force the cabinet with furniture, but objects for inspiration or those that set you up for a working mood will come in handy. A bookcase or shelves, a table with a chair, a sofa with a coffee table – choose only the most practical and aesthetic.
When arranging furniture in the kitchen of an ex-kopeck piece, follow the rule of the working triangle. According to him, the sink, refrigerator and work surface are located at the points of location of the vertices of a triangle with equal sides. To free up space, arrange vertical storage and replace the full-size table with a fold-out, drop-down, or enlarged window sill.
SLEEPING PLACES IN TWO, CONVERTED INTO THRESHKA
With the advent of an additional room in the kopeck piece, the issue of arranging sleeping places becomes relevant. The solutions are not limited to a standard bed or sofa. How to functionally fit their new berths into the interior of the three-ruble note?
Podium bed – allows you to accommodate a berth on a dais and a storage system in the form of drawers under it on a couple of square meters. The bed on the podium will also become a means of zoning: on the lower tier there is a working, guest or play space. If the nursery is designed for two or more children, then this will create a room in a room. The podium bed is installed either on a monolithic base of concrete, poured into the formwork and finished with a floor covering, or a wooden frame structure is made.
The podium, raised to a height of about two meters, turns it into the second level of the kopeck piece, converted into a three-ruble note. This solution is feasible for ceilings from 3 m.
A wardrobe bed looks like a wardrobe during the day, and at night it turns into a full-fledged one- or two-bed place. It will become a salvation for the living room combined with the bedroom. Installation of a wardrobe bed is possible on concrete or brick walls: plasterboard partitions will not withstand its weight. Bed linen is fixed on the bed surface with straps, so the problem of making it up after being brought to a horizontal position is automatically solved.
A bed behind a transparent partition is a balanced decision when it is not possible to build a capital wall. For example, if the room is small, then the wall will reduce its area both visually and in fact. The advantage of a glass partition is that it is completely transparent to sunlight. This is significant if the room is divided into two parts and the sleeping place is located at a single window. As protection from sunlight and prying eyes, curtains made of dense fabric, which are mounted along the perimeter or along the glass partition, act.
A sofa bed or couch are traditional bedding options for confined spaces. To ensure a comfortable sleep, the mattress is individually selected, and modern technological solutions facilitate folding and unfolding.